publications


My substantive research areas spans political communication and culture, digital journalism, media and public health, and human-machine communication, using computational methods (i.e., network analysis, text mining, and machine learning), online experiments, and comparative social surveys. My research focuses on how information and communication technologies—especially platforms and algorithms—influence people’s communicative behaviors in politics and health, and how these technologies are changing how news is produced and disseminated to audiences.


1. publications

1A. SSCI/SCI journal articles (23)

  1. Zhang, X. & Zhu, R. (2021). How source-level and message-level factors influence journalists’ social media visibility during a public health crisis. Journalism. [Q1 (top 15%) in SSCI - Communication, 2019 JCR IF = 3.179, Sage Publications Ltd.]

  2. Liang, H. & Zhang, X. (2021). Partisan bias of perceived incivility and its political consequences: Evidence from survey experiments in Hong Kong. Journal of Communication, 71(3). doi: 10.1093/joc/jqab008. [Q1 (top 6%) in SSCI - Communication, 2019 JCR IF = 4.846, Oxford University Press.]

  3. Zhang, X. (2021). Innovation and conformity in music reproduction: A network analytic approach to contestants’ song covering in reality shows in Mainland China and the US. International Communication Gazette. 83(7). Online first. doi: 10.1177/17480485211014372. [Q2 (top 38%) in SSCI - Communication, 2019 JCR IF = 1.877, Sage Publications Ltd.]

  4. Zhang, X. (2020). Effects of freedom restoration, language variety, and issue type on psychological reactance. Health Communication. 35(11), 1316-1327. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2019.1631565. (Q2 (top 40%) in SSCI - Communication, 2018 JCR IF = 1.846, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd).

  5. Zhang, X. & Zhong, Z.-J. (2020). Extending media system dependency theory to informational media use and environmentalism: A cross-national study. Telematics & Informatics. 50. Online first. doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2020.101378. [Q1 (top 12%) in SSCI – Information Science and Library Science, 2018 JCR IF = 3.714, Elsevier.]

  6. Zhang, X. & Chen, M. (2020). Journalists’ adoption and media’s coverage of data-driven journalism: A case of Hong Kong. Journalism Practice. Online first. doi: 10.1080/17512786.2020.1824126. [Q2 (top 30%) in SSCI - Communication, 2019 JCR IF = 2.124, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.]

  7. Zhang, X. & Ho, J. C. F. (2020). Exploring the fragmentation of the representation of data-driven journalism in the Twittersphere: A network analytics approach. Social Science Computer Review. Online first. doi: 10.1177/0894439320905522. [Q1 (top 9%) in SSCI - Social Sciences Interdisciplinary, 2018 JCR IF = 2.922, Sage Publications Ltd.]

  8. Zhang, X. & Li, W. (2020). From social media with news: Journalists’ social media use for sourcing and verification. Journalism Practice. 14(10), 1193-1210. doi: 10.1080/17512786.2019.1689372. [Q2 (top 30%) in SSCI - Communication, 2018 JCR IF = 2.124, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.]

  9. Lin, W.-Y., Zhang, X. * , & Cao, B. (2018). How do new media influence youths’ health literacy? Exploring the effects of media channel and content on safer sex literacy. International Journal of Sexual Health. 30(4), 354-365. doi: 10.1080/19317611.2018.1509921. (SSCI - Social Science (interdisciplinary), 2017 JCR IF = 1.014, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.) (* corresponding author)

  10. Zhang, X. (2018). Visualization, technologies, or the public? Exploring the articulation of data-driven journalism in the Twittersphere. Digital Journalism. 6(6), 737-758. doi: 10.1080/21670811.2017.1340094. (Q1 (top 18.2%) in SSCI - Communication, 2018 JCR IF = 2.679, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.)

  11. Lin, F. & Zhang, X. (2018). Movement-press dynamics and news diffusion: A typology of activism in digital China. China Review, 18(2), 33-63. Link: muse.jhu.edu/article/696528. (Q1 (top 23%) in SSCI – Area Studies, 2016 JCR IF = 0.906, The Chinese University Press)

  12. Zhang, X. & Lin, W.-Y. (2018). Stoking the fires of participation: Extending the Gamson Hypothesis on social media use and elite-challenging political engagement. Computers in Human Behavior. 79, 217-226. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.10.036. (Q1 (top 12%) in SSCI – Psychology (multidisciplinary), 2017 JCR IF = 3.536, Elsevier)

  13. Zhang, X. & Lin, W.-Y. (2018). Hanging together or not? Impacts of social media use and organisational membership on individual and collective political actions. International Political Science Review, 39(2), 273-289. doi: 10.1177/0192512116641842. (Q2 (top 33%) in SSCI – Political Science, 2016 JCR IF = 1.588, Sage Publications Ltd., the flagship journal of the International Political Science Association (IPSA))

  14. Lin, W.-Y., Cao, B., & Zhang, X. (2017). To speak or not to speak? Predicting college students’ outspokenness in the pro-democracy movement in Hong Kong. International Journal of Communication, 11, 3704-3720. (Q2 (top 32%) in SSCI – Communication, 2016 JCR IF = 1.498, USC Annenberg Press)

  15. Zhong, Z.-J. & Zhang, X. * (2017). A mediation path to Chinese netizens’ civic engagement: The effects of news usage, civic motivations, online expression and discussion. China: An International Journal, 15(2), 22-43. (SSCI - Area Studies, corresponding author. The NUS Press, National University of Singapore) (* corresponding author)

  16. Cui, L. & Zhang, X. (2017). What happened to those fans several years later?: Empowerment from Super Girls’ Voice for girls in China (2007-2015). Critical Studies in Media Communication. 34(4), 400-414, doi: 10.1080/15295036.2017.1319070. (SSCI – Communication, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.)

  17. Lin, W.-Y., Zhang, X., Song, H.-Y., & Omori, K. (2016). Health information seeking in the Web 2.0 age: Trust in social media, uncertainty reduction, and self-disclosure. Computers in Human Behavior, 56, 289–294. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.11.055. (Q1 (top 12%) in SSCI – Psychology (multidisciplinary), 2016 JCR IF = 3.435, Elsevier)

  18. Zhang, X. (2015). Voting with dollars: A cross-polity and multilevel analysis of political consumerism. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 39(5), 422-436. doi: 10.1111/ijcs.12181. (SSCI – Business, 2015 JCR IF = 1.086, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)

  19. Lin, F., Chang, T.-K., & Zhang, X. (2014). After the spillover effect: News flows and power relations in Chinese mainstream media. Asian Journal of Communication, 25(3), 235-254. doi: 10.1080/01292986.2014.955859. (SSCI – Communication, Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd.)

  20. Liu, N. & Zhang, X. (2014). The influence of group communication, government-citizen interaction, and perceived importance of new media on online political discussion. Policy & Internet, 5(4), 444-461. doi: 10.1002/1944-2866.POI348. (SSCI - Communication, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)

  21. Zhang, X. & Lin, W.-Y. (2014). Political participation in an unlikely place: How individuals engage in politics through social networking sites in China. International Journal of Communication, 8, 21-42. Full text: http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/2003/1047. (Q2 in SSCI – Communication, 2016 JCR IF = 1.498, USC Annenberg Press)

  22. Lin, W.-Y., Zhang, X., & Lee, F. L. F. (2013). Making the world a distant place? How foreign TV news affects individual cynicism in post-colonial Hong Kong. International Communication Gazette, 75(8), 715-731. doi: 10.1177/1748048513497160. (SSCI – Communication, Sage Publications Ltd.)

  23. Lin, W.-Y., Zhang, X., Jung, J.-Y., & Kim, Y.-C. (2013). From the wired to wireless generation: Investigating teens’ internet use through the mobile phone. Telecommunications Policy, 37(8), 651-661. doi:10.1016/j.telpol.2012.09.008. (Q2 in SSCI – Communication, 2013 JCR IF = 1.128, Elsevier)

1B. peer-reviewed publications/book chapters/proceedings (6)

  1. Zhang, Z., Zhang, X., & Chen, L. (2021). Informing the design of a news chatbot. IVA’21: The 21st ACM International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. September 14 - 17, 2021. Virtual Event, Japan.

  2. Lin, W.-Y. & Zhang, X. (2020). Digital politics in mainland China: Participation in an unlikely place, in Dutton, W. H. (Ed.), A research agenda for digital politics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

  3. Ho, J. C. F. & Zhang, X. (2020). Strategies of marketing a new media form to the mass market: A text-mining-based case study of virtual reality games. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity. 2020(6), 1. Full-text: https://www.mdpi.com/2199-8531/6/1/1 [Scopus]

  4. Zhang, X. (2017) Exploring the country co-occurrence network in the Twittersphere at an international economic event. In: Cheng X., Ma W., Liu H., Shen H., Feng S., Xie X. (eds) Social Media Processing. SMP 2017. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Vol. 774, 308-318. Springer, Singapore. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-6805-8_25 (EI, acceptance rate: 20%)

  5. Lin, W.-Y. & Zhang, X. (2012). Seeking the invisible youth: Examining the Otaku’s online-offline social capital construction in Hong Kong. Mass Communication Research, 2012(7), 233-270. (In Chinese, TSSCI). [林宛瑩,張昕之。 (2012)。 〈「隱形少年」現形記:香港御宅族網際網路使用與社會資本建構初探〉,《新聞學研究》 ,2012年第7期,頁233-270.]

  6. Zhang, X. (2010). The impact of online social networking on university students’ civic participation: A case of two universities in Southern China. In G. Zhang (Ed.), Communication in e-Society: Innovation, collaboration, and responsibility (pp. 95-115). Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Press. [張昕之 (2010)。〈社交網站使用與大學生公民參與行爲之關係:以中國南部兩所高校爲例〉。 張國良主编:《e社會傳播:創新·合作·責任》,頁95-115,上海人民出版社].

2. professional contributions (3)

Professional Journal Articles & Book Reviews

  1. Zhu, J. J. H., Huang, Y., & Zhang, X. (2018). Dialogue on computational communication research: Origins, theories, methods, and research questions. Communication & Society, 44, 1–24. [祝建華、黃煜、張昕之(2018)。〈對談計算傳播學:起源、理論、方法與研究問題〉。《傳播與社會學刊》,第44 期,頁1–24].

  2. Wang, Q.#, Zhang, X., & Man, Z. (2018). Survey of content production in Hong Kong Media. In Li, R. & Huang, Y. (eds), Hong Kong digital media development report 2018 (pp. 224–247). Hong Kong: Chung Hwa Press. [王祺樂、張昕之、滿子梵(2018)。〈香港媒體內容生產調查〉。 李文、黃煜主編: 《香港媒體數碼發展報告 2018》, 2018年,頁224 – 247。 香港:中華書局。 (# student co-author).

  3. Zhang, X. (2014). Book review: A Review of Democracy on trial: Social movements and cultural politics in postauthoritarian Taiwan, by Y.-C. Chuang. The China Review. 14(2), 265-269.


3. selected peer-reviewed international major conference presentations

  1. Zhang, X. & Zhu, R. (2021, May). Health journalists’ social media sourcing during the public health emergency: A network analytics approach. Paper presented at the 71st Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), 27-31 May 2021.

  2. Zhu, R. & Zhang, X. (2021, May). How source-level and message-level factors influence journalists’ social media visibility during a public health emergency. Paper presented at the 71st Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), 27-31 May 2021.

  3. Zhang, X., Guo, S., & Li, R. (2020, May). Robot journalists currently not needed: Exploring newsrooms’ practices of AI-powered initiatives with a mix-method approach. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-25 May 2020.

  4. Zhang, X. (2020, May). Supply–demand versus social learning: Pathways from social media use to citizens’ demand for democracy. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-25 May 2020.

  5. Zhang, X. & Li, W. (2020, May). From social media with news: Journalists’ social media use for sourcing and verification. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-25 May 2020.

  6. Lin, W.-Y. & Zhang, X. (2020, May). Are social media a political movement equalizer? Survey evidences from two Asian polities. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-25 May 2020.

  7. Lin, W.-Y., Oktavianus, J., & Zhang, X. (2020, May). Feeling politics? How communication mediates the effects of emotions on political participation. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Conference (virtual) of the International Communication Association (ICA), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-25 May 2020.

  8. Zhang, X. (2019, May). Data, coders, and designers in the newsrooms: The adoption of data-driven journalism in Hong Kong’s local news organizations. Paper presented at the 69th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Washington DC, USA, 24 - 28 May 2019.

  9. Ho, J. C. F. & Zhang, X. (2019, May). Marketing virtual reality games with text: A text mining analysis of game descriptions on Steam. Paper presented at the 69th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Washington DC, USA, 24 - 28 May 2019.

  10. Zhang, X., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Liu, Y., He, W., & Zhou, W. (2018, May). Monkey King, Naruto, and Mickey Mouse: Mapping the co-consumption network of animation protagonists in mainland China. Paper presented at the 68th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Prague, The Czech Republic, 24 - 28 May, 2018.

  11. Zhang, X. (2017, May) Visualization, technologies, or the public? A text mining analysis of the articulation of data-driven journalism in the Twittersphere. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), San Diego, USA, 25 – 29 May, 2017.

  12. Zhang, X. & Lin, W.-Y. (2017, May). Extending the Gamson hypothesis on social media use and elite-challenging political participation: A cross-polity study. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), San Diego, USA, 25 – 29 May, 2017.

  13. Zhang, X. (2016, May). The effects of freedom restoration, message frames, and language variety on psychological reactance. Paper presented at the 66th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Fukuoka, Japan, 9-13 June, 2016.

  14. Cui, L. & Zhang, X. (2016, May). What happened to those tomboys several years later?: Empowerment from Super Girls’ Voice for girls in mainland China (2007-2015). Paper presented at the 66th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Fukuoka, Japan, 9-13 June, 2016.

  15. Lin, W.-Y., Cao, B., & Zhang, X. (2016, May). To speak or not to speak: Predicting college students’ outspokenness in the pro-democracy movement in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the 66th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), Fukuoka, Japan, 9-13 June, 2016.

  16. Zhang, X., & Zhong, Z.-J. (2015, May). Mapping the boundary of media effects on environmental concerns: Evidence from 37 societies. Paper presented at the 65th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 21-25 May 2015.

  17. Lin, W.-Y., & Zhang, X. (2015, May). From spectators to participants: A study of affective intelligence, media uses, and political participation in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the 65th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 21-25 May 2015.

  18. Wang, C.-J., Chen, H.X., & Zhang, X. (2015, May) The landscape of information diffusion on Sina Weibo: Investigating the rich-club effect. Paper presented at the 65th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 21-25 May 2015.

  19. Zhang, X. & Lin, W.-Y. (2014, May) The cynics in action: Social networking sites use, political attitudes, and political participation in mainland China and Hong Kong. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA). Seattle, Washington, the U.S., May 2014. [Political Communication Division Travel Grant Awardee]

  20. Zhang, X., & Lin, W.-Y. (2014, May) Bowling alone or together? Social media uses, organizational membership, and political participation. Paper presented at the ICA 2014 Pre-conference: New Media and Citizenship in Asia: Values, Digital Politics, and Civic Well-Being, Seattle, Washington, the U.S., May 2014. [Division Travel Grant Awardee]

  21. Zhong, Z.-J., & Zhang, X. (2014, May). Media and psychological predictors of civic engagement: Uses of news, motivation, political efficacy, and relative deprivation. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA). Seattle, Washington, the U.S., May 2014.

  22. Zhang, X., & Zhang, F. (2013, August). Powered by democracy? - A multilevel model of media uses and political participation across Asian countries. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC), D.C., the U.S., Aug 8 – 11, 2013. [McCombs & Shaw Best Paper Award, the Political Communication Interest Group]

  23. Zhang, X. (2013, June). The myth of “voting with dollars”: A cross-polity and multilevel analysis of political consumerism. Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA). London, the U.K., June 17-21, 2013.

  24. Lin, W.-Y., Zhang, X., & Lee, F. L. F. (2013, June). Making the world a distant place? How foreign TV news affects individual cynicism in post-colonial Hong Kong. Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA). London, the U.K., June 17-21, 2013.

  25. Lin, F. & Zhang, X. (2012, May). Contextualizing inter-media influence: Diffusion of online news about three collective actions in China. Paper presented at the 62nd Annual Conference of International Communication Association (ICA). Phoenix, Arizona, the U.S., May 24-28, 2012.

  26. Lin, F. & Zhang, X. (2011, August). Bureaucratic nature of news websites and online activism in China. Paper presented at the 106th Convention of American Sociological Association (ASA). Las Vegas, the U.S., 13-16 August 2011.

  27. Zhang, X. (2011, August). Twenty years of internet and civic engagement: A review beyond hypes and hopes. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). St. Louis, the U.S., 9-13 August 2011.